Torino Graduate School
in Physics and Astrophysics

UNITO-UNIPMN

Course descriptions (2017)

Title 01 -  ​Particle Dark Matter
Prof. Nicolao Fornengo, fornengo@to.infn.it
Hours 5 credits
Period January 30 -February 3, from 9:00 to 11:00 (Aula Fubini)
February 6 -February 10, from 9:00 to 11:00 (Aula Fubini)
Prerequisites
Programme The course will give a complete overview on the physics of neutrinos: their role in the Standard Model and its extensions; neutrino oscillations; masses, mixing angles and CP phases; sterile neutrinos; neutrinos in cosmology and astrophysics.
Note(s) Students who are willing to attend this course are **REQUESTED** to register by sending an email to Prof. Fornengo (fornengo@to.infn.it) before December 20, 2016

 

Title 02 - Introduction to the large-N limit
Prof. Marco Panero, panero@to.infn.it
Hours 5 credits
Period 6-17 March 2017, Fubini room, normally from 14:00 to 16:00, except on: Tuesday 7 (11:00-13:00), Thursday 9 (13:00-15:00), and Tuesday 14 (16:00-18:00).
Prerequisites
Programme 1 - Introduction
2 - The large-N limit in O(N) vector models
3 - QCD with many colors: The 't Hooft limit and its phenomenological  implications
4 - The role of the large-N limit in the gauge/gravity correspondence: A  brief summary
Notes Students who are willing to attend this course are **REQUESTED** to register by sending an email to Prof. Panero (panero@to.infn.it).

 


Title 03 -  Higgs Physics
Prof. Giampiero Passarino
Hours 5 credits
Period From March 27 to April 4, 2017
Programme Introduction
Higgs boson phenomenology: production and decay .
From discovery to properties
Analysis of the measurements
--The final states
The original kappa-framework
Results from Run I
--The measurement of the mass
--On-shell results
--The couplings
--Ratios of cross sections and branching ratios
--A summary plot
--Theoretical perspectives
--Off-shell results, experimental constraints on the width
Theoretical developments
--LHC pseudo-observables
--Standard Model Effective Field Theory
---The top-down approach
---The bottom-up approach
--Motivations for an EFT approach
--Theoretical uncertainties
Prospects for Run II
Notes Students who are willing to attend this course are **REQUESTED** to register by sending an email to Prof. Passarino (giampier@to.infn.it) before March 20, 2017

 

Title 04 -Introduction to the Physics of the Quark-Gluon Plasma
Prof. Andrea Beraudo and Marzia Nardi
Hours 5 credits
Period From April 3 to April 14, 2017, from 10 to 12

Pre-requisites The course is completely self-contained: no previous knowledge of the subject will be assumed.
It is accessible to Ph.D. students both with a theoretical and an experimental background.
Programme -Symmetries and Thermodynamics of QCD
-Transport Theory
-Relativistic Hydrodynamics
-Phenomenology of heavy-ion Collisions
Note Students who are willing to attend this course are **REQUESTED** toregister by sending an email to Prof. Beraudo (beraudo@to.infn.it) and Prof. Nardi (nardi@to.infn.it) before March 15, 2017.

  

Title 05 - Introducing SUSY       
Prof. Igor Pesando
Hours 5 credits
Period 16/11 1430-1630 sala fubini
17/11 1100-1300 aula wataghin
12/12 1430-1630 sala franzinetti
14/12 1430-1630 aula verde
16/12  !_1100-1300_! aula verde (NOTICE TIME)
19/12 1430-1630 aula verde
21/12 1430-1630 aula verde

Prerequisites
Programm

1) Susy QM
Grassmann variables, Witten index, spectrum generating technique

2) Chiral multiplet in 4D
Coleman-Mandula theorem, R symmetry, susy action for chiral superfield, non renormalization theorem and holomorphy

3) Vector multiplet in 4D
Wess-Zumino gauge, susy action for vector multiplet

4) Basic of MSSM
the action, unwanted symmetries

5) Susy breaking
O' raifeartaigh model, Fayet-Iliopoulos model, soft breaking

Notes


Title 06 - Ion Beam Based Techniques for Materials Science
Prof. Paolo Olivero, Ettore Vittone
Hours 2 credits
Period 2/05 Aula Verde
3/05 Aula Wick
4/05 Aula D
5/05 Aula Verde
 h 16-18
Prerequisites
Program

The course treats the fundamental concepts on the use of techniques based on energetic ions (keV-MeV energies) for the characterization and modification of materials and devices. Some case studies will also be discussed.

Detailed program:

1st lecture:

Introduction to Ion Beam Based Techniques
Basic Instrumentation
MeV ion/matter interactions

2nd lecture

Introduction to Ion Beam Analysis Techniques
Backscattering Spectroscopy (BS)
Elastic Recoil Detection Analysis (ERDA)
Particle Induced X-ray Emission (PIXE)

3rd lecture

Ion beam microscopy - Experimental features
Ion beam microscopy - Techniques

4th lecture

Ion beam lithography - Ion beam fabrication
Ion beam lithography - Single ion doping


Notes Download the slides zip



Title 07- Quantum communication
Prof. Ivo Degiovanni
i.degiovanni@inrim.it
Hours 16  [4 credits]
Period
10, 17, 24 February 2017
3, 10, 17, 24 March 2017

Aula Verde, h 15-18


Prerequisites  
Goals The most peculiar characteristics of quantum mechanics are the existence of indivisible quanta and entangled systems. Both of these are the roots of Quantum Communication which could very well be the first engineered application of quantum physics at the individual quantum level. In particular Quantum cryptography has great potential to become the key technology for securing confidentiality and privacy of communication in the future ICT world.
Here the fundamentals of quantum communication are introduced. Main applications with experimental implementations are presented. Experimental results and technological challenges are discussed.
Program a)    Introduction to quantum information
The qubit concept
Qubit practical realisations
No-cloning theorem
Quantum state tomography

b) Quantum Cryptography with single photons
      Quantum key distribution
      Experimental implementations
      Von Neumann Entropy vs. Shannon Entropy
      Eavesdropping strategy and security criteria

c) Quantum entanglement
      Entangled states and their properties
      Practical realisations
      Bell’s inequality

d) Quantum Cryptography by entangled states
Protocols
Experimental implementations

e) Quantum protocols
Teleportation of qubits
Teleportation of entanglement: entanglement swapping
Quantum dense coding
Experimental implementations of Bell’s state analysis

f) Generalized evolution of quantum systems
       Quantum operations
       Tomography of quantum operations

Bibliography

Title 08 - Introduction to Radio Interferometry and ALMA
Prof. Elisabetta Liuzzo
Hours 12  [3 credits]
Period   March 13th, 15th, 17th  (room and hours to be defined)
Prerequisites  
Goals  
Programme March, 13
morning: Introduction to radio interferometry

afternoon: ALMA science and capabilities

March, 15:
morning: Proposing with ALMA
afternoon:  ALMA archive

March 17:
morning: ALMA calibration and imaging
afternoon: ALMA data handling

NOTES
Students who are willing to attend this course are **REQUESTED** to register by sending an email to to register by sending an email to Dr. Francesco Massaro (f.massaro@unito.it) before March 1st, 2017.

Title 09- Data Analysis Techniques
Prof. Luciano Ramello
ramello@to.infn.it
Hours 24  [6 credits]
Period Between February 7 and March 2, 2017 -
Feb.  7: 11-13 (Verde) and 14-16 (Avogadro)
Feb.  9: 11-13 (Wataghin) and 14-16 (Wick)
Feb. 20: 9-11  and 14-16 (Wick)
Feb. 24: 9-11  and 14-16 (Wick)
Mar.  1: 9-11(Avogadro) and 14-16 (Verde)
Mar.  2: 9-11 and 14-16 (Wick)
Prerequisites
Goals  
Programme Reminder of basic probability theory
Monte Carlo methods (basic)
Statistical methods for:
Parameter estimation (confidence intervals)
Hypothesis testing (general, goodness-of-fit)
Bibliography See course webpage
Notes Students who are willing to attend this course are **REQUESTED** to
   register by sending an email to Prof. L. Ramello (ramello@to.infn.it)


Title  10-Hands-on Fitting and Statistical Tools for Data Analysis
Prof. Marco Pelliccioni
pellicci@to.infn.it
Hours 16 [4 credits]
Period
May 15/16/17/18: 11-13
May 19: 9-11
May 22: 11-13 and 14-16
May 23: 11-13


AULA B
Prerequisites Make sure before the classes to have an account on the local machines, or bring your laptop with a ROOT/RooFit installation
Goals The student will learn how to master modern fitting and statistical interpretation tools
Programme The class will have an exercise oriented approach, with quick reminders of the statistical theory and a large fraction of time dedicated to practical examples.
Fitting Tools
      Usage of the RooFit library:
      Signal and background modelling, fitting and plotting
      Treatment of extended Fits, Conditional Probability Density Functions, Toy Monte-Carlo generation

   Statistics Tools
     Usage of the RooStats library:
     Hypothesis testing
     Determination of Upper Limits
     Determination of confidence intervals in likelihood ratio and Feldman-Cousins approaches
     Determination of probability intervals in Bayesian approaches
     Bayesian numerical calculators vs Markov-Chains MC approach 
Bibliography


Title  11-Advanced laboratory
Prof. Riccardo Bellan, Nicola Amapane
riccardo.bellan@unito.it, amapane@to.infn.it
Hours 32 [8 credits]
Period June, 26-27-28 h 11-13, Aula Fubini: theory
June 29-July 7: Lab practice
Prerequisites Possibily, course in calorimetry
Goals The goal is to perform a simple but non-trivial experiment where students will have the opportunity to take care of all aspects, including:
-experiment design
-data acquisition
-data analysis
Programme Theory Part:
-Introduction to tracking techniques (4 h)
-Introduction to the available equipment and to the measurements (2 h)

Lab Part:
Measurements will include:
-coincidence and anti-coincidence gamma spectroscopy;
-vertex reconstruction using data from a PET-like system.

The students will elaborate a strategy to perform the measurements, set up the data acquisition system, and write the software to reconstruct and analyze data.
Bibliography


2016

Title 12- Calorimetry in particle physics experiments
Prof. R. Arcidiacono, arcidiacono@to.infn.it
Hours 16  [4 credits]
Period   September 5-6-7-8-9, h 14-17, Room to be defined
Prerequisites  
Goals  
Programme
  • The physics of calorimetry
  • Detector response, energy resolution and position measurement
  • Calorimeter design principles
  • Front-end and trigger readout electronics
  • Electromagnetic calorimeters
  • Hadronics calorimeters
  • Calibration techniques
  • Some examples
NOTES
Students who are willing to attend this course are **REQUESTED** to register by sending an email to Prof. Roberta Arcidiacono (arcidiac@to.infn.it) 


 



Title  13-Search and characterization for extrasolar planets
Prof. Alessandro Sozzetti, sozzetti@oato.inaf.it
Hours 12
Period September October 2016
Prerequisites
Goals
Programme -Elements of theory: planetary formation, internal structure and atmosphere, dynamic evolution;
- Detection techniques, instrument limitations and astrophysics;
- Observation of extrasolar planetary systems: statistical, structural and environmental properties
- Observation of extrasolar planetary systems: the next 15 years.
Bibliography

Title  14-HIgh energy astrophysics
Prof. Attilio Ferrari and Francesco Massaro
f.massaro@unito.it
Hours 20 hours
Period June 6-10, h 11-13, "Saletta" 4th floor
Prerequisites
Goals
Programme Astrophysical sources of high-energy particles and high-frequency photons
Observational tools: from radiotelescopes to gamma-ray telescopes and cosmic ray detectors
Theoretical tools: fundamentals of high-energy plasma phenomena
Active stars: young stellar objects, stellar coronae, endpoints of stellar evolution (supernovae, pulsarss, X-ray bynaries, gamma-ray bursts)
Active galaxies, radiogalaxies, quasars, blazars
Interstellar and intergalactic media, connection with active sources
Diffuse backgrounds
Sources of cosmic rays
Bibliography


Title  15 Bioinspired materials
Prof. Federico Bosia
federico.bosia@unito.it
Hours 8 hours
Period June 6-10, h 11-13, "Saletta" 4th floor
Prerequisites
Goals
Programme The course covers some of the main topics in the mechanics of biological and bioinspired materials, i.e. materials that draw inspiration from specific examples found in Nature that display exceptional performances and functionality.

Topics:
Biomaterials and biological structural materials: wood, bone, tendons, spider silk... ;
Achieving function through structure: examples of bioinspired design (e.g. gecko paws, spider webs, lotus leaves);
Importance of hierarchical structure;
Simultaneous optimization of competing properties: Strength vs. toughness, Stiffness vs. density, etc.  Biomimicry and bioinspiration.
Artificial materials: traditional composite materials, nanocomposites and their applications. Hierarchical composite materials. Bioinspired composite materials. Self-healing materials. Metamaterials.
Review of basic physical concepts and their application to biological/bioinspired materials: elasticity, fracture mechanics, flaw tolerance, fatigue, adhesion/antiadhesion, hydrophobicity, friction, wave propagation and damping.
Theoretical models and numerical approaches used in the modelling of heterogeneous (composite) materials; multiscale modelling; fibrous materials and fibre bundle models; finite element modelling; peridynamics.
Examples and case studies.
Bibliography Link


Title  16-Bayesan Statistics
Prof. Stefano Andreon
Hours 15 hours
Period Monday October 12, 2015, h 14-17,
From Tuesday October 13 to Friday October 16, h 9-12
Sala Fubini
Prerequisites
Programme
Bibliography