Torino Graduate School
in Physics
UNITO-UNIPMN

Course proposal (2018-19)


Title 01-  Introducing Susy
Prof. Igor Pesando, pesando@to.infn.it
CFU 5
Period 20 hrs
November 12-19, 2018 (first part)
Monday 12, 14:30-16:30 aula verde
Wednesday 14, 14:30-16:30 sala fubini
Monday 19, 14:30-16:30 sala fubini

Spring 2019 (second part)
Prerequisites
Programme 1) Chiral multiplet in 4D
Coleman-Mandula theorem, R symmetry, susy action for chiral superfield, non renormalization theorem and holomorphy
2) Vector multiplet in 4D
Wess-Zumino gauge, susy action for vector multiplet
3) Susy breaking
O' raifeartaigh model, Fayet-Iliopoulos model, soft breaking
4) Basic of MSSM
the action, unwanted symmetries
5) Sugra in D=4
6) Moduli space of the vacua and IR effective description
Note(s) Students who are willing to attend this course are **REQUESTED** to register by sending an email to Prof.

Pesando (ipesando@to.infn.it)

 


Title 02-Introduction to large-N limit
Prof. Marco Panero, panero@to.infn.it
CFU 5
Period 20 hrs,
March 25-April 5 2019
Prerequisites
Programme 1 - Introduction
2 - The large-N limit in O(N) vector models
3 - QCD with many colors: The 't Hooft limit and its phenomenological
implications
4 - The role of the large-N limit in the gauge/gravity correspondence: A
brief summary
Note(s) Students who are willing to attend this course are **REQUESTED** to register by sending an email to Prof. Panero (panero@to.infn.it).

 

 


Title 03-Introduction to the Physics of the Quark-Gluon Plasma
Prof. Andrea Beraudo and Marzia Nardi
CFU 5, 20 hrs
Period March 18-27, 2019, from Monday to Tuesday 11h-13h
Pre-requisites The course is completely self-contained: no previous knowledge of the subject will be assumed. It is accessible to Ph.D. students both with a theoretical and an experimental background.
Programme -Symmetries and Thermodynamics of QCD
-Transport Theory
-Relativistic Hydrodynamics
-Phenomenology of heavy-ion Collisions
Note Students who are willing to attend this course are **REQUESTED** to register by sending an email to Prof. Beraudo (beraudo@to.infn.it) and Prof. Nardi (nardi@to.infn.it).

  


Title 04-Dark Matter and Neutrino physics
Prof. Carlo Giunti and Marco Taoso
CFU 5
Period May 6-17, 2019
Pre-requisites
Programme Dark Matter (M. Taoso)

- Evidences for dark matter
- Production mechanisms in the Early Universe
- Indirect detection: photons, charged cosmic-rays, neutrinos
- Direct detection
- Collider searches
- Axion
- Primordial black holes
 
Neutrino Physics (C. Giunti)

- Theory of neutrino masses and mixing
- Theory of neutrino oscillations
- Overview of neutrino phenomenology
- Neutrinos in cosmology
Note Students who are willing to attend this course are **REQUESTED** to register by sending an email to Prof. Giunti (giunti@to.infn.it) .


Title 05-  Advanced topics in perturbative QCD
Prof. Lorenzo Magnea, magnea@to.infn.it
CFU 5
Period tbd
Prerequisites
Programme Detailed programme to be defined.
Note(s)


Title 06-Calorimetry in particle physics experiments
Prof. R. Arcidiacono, arcidiacono@to.infn.it
CFU 4
Period Autumn 2019
Prerequisites  
Goals
Programme

The physics of calorimetry
Detector response, energy resolution and position measurement
Calorimeter design principles
Front-end and trigger readout electronics
Electromagnetic calorimeters
Hadronics calorimeters
Calibration techniques
Some examples

NOTES Students who are willing to attend this course are **REQUESTED** to register by sending an email to Prof. Roberta Arcidiacono (arcidiac@to.infn.it) 



Title 07-  Experimental techniques for neutron detection
Prof. Roberto Bedogni  Roberto.Bedogni@lnf.infn.it
CFU 2
Period 8 hrs from October 19th , 2 hrs per lecture
Prerequisites Basic background knowledge of particle interaction with matter and of detector working principles
Goal The peculiarities of neutron fields and neutron detection will be presented, so that participants will ideally be able to choose the correct detection technique according to the properties of the neutron field. In addition, they will gain sufficient knowledge to choose the testing/calibration condition and infrastructure for a correct final use of a detector.
Programme 1 - ICRU85 system: Introduction and explanation of the 2011 ICRU-recommended quantities for Radiometry, Interaction and Dosimetry with examples (modelling in Monte Carlo codes).   (19 October 2018 - 2h )

2 - Neutron Measuring Instruments
Detectors, spectrometers, dosemeters. Impact of the design on the response function. Concepts of energy- and angle- response. Relevant examples (fluence-meter, rem-meter, moderator-based spectrometer) (15 November 2018, 14-16, Aula Wataghin)

3 -Calibration fundamentals 
Calibration procedures. Types of calibration fields. Differences between calibration field and workplace field. (16 November 2018 - 9-11-Sala Castagnoli)

4- Cases studies
A realistic workplace where the performance of different neutron-measuring devices is studied against the properties of the field (energy-distribution, scattering conditions, presence of contaminant field components).(10-14 december)
Bibliography Course material and proper references will be given by the lecturer throughout the course
Note(s) Lessons are given in a open seminar format 


Title 08-Data Analysis Techniques
Prof. Livio Bianchi
CFU 6
Period tbd
Prerequisites Basics on statistics and probability theory
Basic programming skills in c/c++
Goals  
Programme Reminder of basic probability theory
Monte Carlo methods (basic)
Statistical methods for:
- Parameter estimation (confidence intervals)
- Hypothesis testing (general, goodness-of-fit)
Bibliography See last year's course webpage
Notes Students who are willing to attend this course are **REQUESTED** to register by sending an email to Prof. L. Bianchi (Livio.Bianchi@cern.ch)


Title 09-The hunt for physics Beyond the Standard Model
Prof.

Cristina Botta, cristina.Botta@cern.ch

CFU 3
Period April 2019
Prerequisites Possibly: basic knowledge of particle accelerators and detectors, basic experience in data acquisition and analysis (Prof. Amapane’s course) and statistical interpretation tools (Dr. Ortona’s course), basic knowledge of Higgs and SUSY physics.
Goals The student will learn how different analyses strategies are being designed - especially at particles colliders - to search for signatures of New Physics.
Programme Introduction: overview on the shortcomings of the SM, the needs of new physics, the experimental approach towards these open questions, and the status of current searches The design of multipurpose experiments like ATLAS and CMS at LHC From RAW data to Phyiscs Objects: reconstruction and identification, global event description, performance Analyses strategy design: complementarity of different approaches Direct searches: Introduction to the most popular BSM models and to the signatures they can induce in these detectors Indirect searches: Precision measurements, rares SM processes
Bibliography


Title 10- Numerical simulation of silicon particle detectors
Prof. Marco Mandurrino (marco.mandurrino@to.infn.it)
CFU 4
Period 16 hrs from January 2019, 2 hrs per lecture (3 theoretical classes + 3 hands-on sessions + follow-up + final discussion)
Prerequisites

Basic background knowledge of solid-state physics, particle detectors and numerical methods. Basic programming skills

Goal

Students will be driven from book-like topics about silicon properties and silicon-based devices towards the issues and the potentialities of designing a real particle detector. This will be achieved through the analysis of some actual structures to be implemented in high-energy physics experiments and thanks to the use of a Technology Computer-Aided Design (TCAD) tool

Programme  

1. A review of basic concepts about solid-state physics: from orbitals to the theory of bands; carriers statistics; the p-n junction and the most important diode equations

2. Overview of typical numerical techniques for the simulation of electronic devices: from the Boltzmann equation (BTE) to semiclassical transport models; the drift-diffusion framework; generation/recombination of charge carriers; processes and models beyond the semiclassical picture (tunneling, ...)

3. From the analitical description to numerical modeling: linearization and discretization of the drift-diffusion model; algorithms for solving ODE; basic concepts about convergence issues of iterative methods; introduction to the TCAD (Technology Computer-Aided Design) simulation approach

4. Description of the commercial tool Synopsys(C) Sentaurus Device

5. Hands-on sessions: 5a.) simulation of a simple 1D silicon diode; 5b.) 2D implementation of a pn-junction-based silicon sensor; 5c.) more advanced simulations of a realistic particle detector

6. Follow-up activities on the simulator concerning the final project

7. At the end of the course students will discuss with the lecturer and the class a project investigating the simulation of a device of their own choice (individual or in small groups)

Bibliography Course material and proper references will be given by the lecturer throughout the course
Notes Interested students are requested to register sending an email to Dr Mandurrino ( marco.mandurrino@to.infn.it)


Title 11-  Cherenkov detectors for particle and astroparticle physics
Prof. U. Tamponi, tamponi@to.infn.it
CFU 4
Period 16 hrs, TBD
Prerequisites  
Programme The course will have a first introduction about the general aspects of the Cherenkov effect, followed by an overview of its modern applications: particle identification at collider experiments, calorimetry, high energy cosmic rays detection and neutrino physics. Detailed program: - Theory of the Cherenkov effect (basics) - Foundamental particle identification techniques. - DIRC- and RICH-like detectors - Cherenkov effect in HEP calorimetry - Cherenkov-based telescopes for astroparticle and neutrino physics (Icecube, CTA...)  - The Askaryan effect: neutrino detection and calorimetry applications At the end of the course the students will be required to give a seminar about a detector of their own choice, based on the Cherenkov effect.
NOTES Students who are willing to attend this course are **REQUESTED** to register by sending an email to Dr. Umberto Tamponi (tamponi@to.infn.it) 


Title 12-  Quantum communication
Prof. Prof. Ivo Degiovanni
i.degiovanni@inrim.it
CFU 4
Period 16 hrs, TBD
Goals  The most peculiar characteristics of quantum mechanics are the existence of indivisible quanta and entangled systems. Both of these are the roots of Quantum Communication which could very well be the first engineered application of quantum physics at the individual quantum level. In particular Quantum cryptography has great potential to become the key technology for securing confidentiality and privacy of communication in the future ICT world.
Here the fundamentals of quantum communication are introduced. Main applications with experimental implementations are presented. Experimental results and technological challenges are discussed.
Programme a)    Introduction to quantum information
The qubit concept
Qubit practical realisations
No-cloning theorem
Quantum state tomography

b) Quantum Cryptography with single photons
      Quantum key distribution
      Experimental implementations
      Von Neumann Entropy vs. Shannon Entropy
      Eavesdropping strategy and security criteria

c) Quantum entanglement
      Entangled states and their properties
      Practical realisations
      Bell’s inequality

d) Quantum Cryptography by entangled states
Protocols
Experimental implementations

e) Quantum protocols
Teleportation of qubits
Teleportation of entanglement: entanglement swapping
Quantum dense coding
Experimental implementations of Bell’s state analysis

f) Generalized evolution of quantum systems
       Quantum operations
       Tomography of quantum operations
Bibliography



Title 13- Introduction to Turbulence 
Prof. Filippo De Lillo, 
CFU 3
Period 12 hrs, TBD
Prerequisites
Programme     The Navier-Stokes equations
    The phenomenology of fluid turbulence.
    Statistical description of turbulence
    A.N. Kolmogorov’s 1941 theory. 
    Intermittency and the  multifractal formalism.
    Numerical simulations of the Navier-Stokes equations.
Bibliography U. Frisch, “Turbulence: the legacy of A.N. Kolmogorov”, Cambridge University Press (1995)
Notes Interested students should send an email to filippo.delillo@unito.it


Title 14- Experimental implementation of quantum devices
Prof. Jacopo Forneris, forneris@to.infn.it
CFU 2, 8 hrs
Period 2-24 May 2019
Goals Luminescent defects in wide band gap materials are promising candidates for technological applications based on photonics and provide a viable path towards the practical realization of quantum devices. This course provides an introduction to the current trends in experimental quantum
optics and material science, based on the fabrication and exploitation of single-photon sources for quantum information processing and quantum sensing.
Programme

1. Introduction to solid state quantum computing
   Qubits and block sphere
   quantum gates
   errors and decoherence
   Practical systems

2.Single-photon sources based on solid state defects
   Ideal single-photon sources
   Single-photon sources in wide band-gap materials
   Experimental methods for sources characterization: confocal microscopy
and quantumness quantifiers
   Case studies and practical examples

3. Fabrication of of single-photon sources
   Motivation and challenges of deterministic implantation
   Techniques for high-resolution source placement
   Individual ion delivery and detection
   Formation yield

4. Technological applications of single-photon sources
   Integrated quantum devices
   Electrical control of single-photon sources
   Quantum sensing with individual spins in diamond
   Applications and examples

Bibliography
Notes



Title 15- Case Studies in the History of Physics
Prof. Matteo Leone
CFU 2
Period 8 hrs, April-July 2019
Prerequisites
Programme The course covers one of the main topics in the historiography of physics: the importance of going back to the primary sources (archival documents, original papers, correspondence, instruments and so on). The topic will be assessed through the analysis of selected historical case-studies:- Macedonio Melloni and the birth of infrared physics (1830-1850)
- “Rutherford’s experiment” on alpha particle scattering (1906-1913)
 - The collections of scientific instruments of historical interest: the Museum of Physics of the University of Turin and the SMA (University of Turin Museum System)

Bibliography
Notes Students who are willing to attend this course are **REQUESTED** to register by sending an email to Prof. Leone (matteo.leone@unito.it) before mid-March 2019


Title 16. Introduction to relativistic theory of cosmological perturbations
Prof. Stefano Camera,
CFU 3
Period 12 hours, TBD
Prerequisites
Programme 0. The concordance cosmological model in a nutshell.
1. Basic notions of general relativity in an expanding universe.
2. Perturbations in cosmology.
2.a. Newtonian perturbation theory.
3. Gauge transformations and gauge-invariant variables.
4. Evolution of perturbations.
5. Structure formation.
(6. The power spectrum of galaxy number counts.)
Bibliography * Tsagas, Challinor & Maartens, "Relativistic cosmology and large-scale structure", Phys. Rept. 465, 61 (2008)
* Malik & Wands, "Cosmological perturbations", Phys. Rept. 475, 1 (2009)
* Camera et al., "The theory of relativistic cosmological observables", Phys. Rept. (2011, in prep.)
Notes Interested students should send an email to prof. Camera, stefano.camera@unito.it



Title 17-Search and characterization for extrasolar planets
Prof. Alessandro Sozzetti, sozzetti@oato.inaf.it
CFU 4
Period 16 hrs, TBD
Prerequisites
Programme -Elements of theory: planetary formation, internal structure and atmosphere, dynamic evolution;
- Detection techniques, instrument limitations and astrophysics;
- Observation of extrasolar planetary systems: statistical, structural and environmental properties
- Observation of extrasolar planetary systems: the next 15 years.
Bibliography

Title 18-Chemo-dynamical evolution of the Milky Way
Prof. Alessandro Spagna( spagna@oato.inaf.it)
CFU 3
Period  12 hrs,  TBD
Prerequisites   Fundamentals of Astronomy and Astrophysics
Programme

Structure, kinematics, and chemical properties of the Galactic stellar populations (disks, bulge, halo)
Non axi-symmetric components: bar, spiral arms, flare, warp
The hierarchical CDM galactic formation scenario
Elements of Galactic dynamics and cosmological simulations of Milky Way-like disk galaxies
Wide field stellar surveys (Gaia, RAVE, APOGEE, GES)
Local cosmology: chemo-dynamical signatures of the Galactic formation processes

Bibliography
Binney & Merrifield, Galactic Astronomy
MGRECO